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  • 2008年06月06日

    Windows网络工具

    分类:

    Windows下的TCP/IP工具

    Tool

    Description

    Arp

    Allows you to view and edit the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) cache. The ARP cache maps IPv4 addresses to media access control (MAC) addresses.
    Windows uses these mappings to send data on the local network.

    Hostname

    Displays the host name of the computer.

    Ipconfig

    Displays current TCP/IP configuration values for both IPv4 and IPv6. Also used to manage DHCP configuration and the DNS client resolver cache.

    Lpq

    Displays the status of print queues on print servers running Line Printer Daemon (LPD) software.Server.

    Nbtstat

    Checks the state of current NetBIOS over TCP/IP connections, updates the Lmhosts cache, and determines the registered names and scope ID.

    Netsh

    Displays and allows you to administer settings for IPv4 or IPv6 on either the local computer or a remote computer.

    Netstat

    Displays statistics and other information about current IPv4 and IPv6 connections.

    Nslookup

    Queries a DNS server.

    Ping

    Tests IPv4 or IPv6 connectivity to other IP nodes.

    Route

    Allows you to view the local IPv4 and IPv6 routing tables and to modify the local IPv4 routing table.

    Tracert

    Traces the route that an IPv4 or IPv6 packet takes to a destination.

    Pathping

    Traces the route that an IPv4 or IPv6 packet takes to a destination and displays information on packet losses for each router and subnet in the path.

     

    路由工具

    Tool

    Description

    Route

    Displays the local IPv4 and IPv6 routing tables. You can use the Route tool to add temporary and
    persistent routes, change existing routes, and remove routes from the IPv4 routing table. You can
    use the Route tool in Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 to add routes, change existing
    routes, and remove routes from the IPv6 routing table.

    Netsh interface ipv6

    Displays the IPv6 routing table (netsh interface ipv6 show routes), adds routes (netsh interface
    ipv6 add route
    ), removes routes (netsh interface ipv6 delete route), and modifies existing routes
    (netsh interface ipv6 set route).

    Ping

    Verifies IP-level connectivity to another TCP/IP computer by sending either ICMP Echo or ICMPv6
    Echo Request messages. The tool displays the receipt of corresponding Echo Reply messages,
    along with round-trip times. Ping is the primary TCP/IP tool used to troubleshoot connectivity,
    reachability, and name resolution.

    Tracert

    Determines the path taken to a destination by sending ICMP Echo or ICMPv6 Echo Request
    messages to the destination with incrementally increasing Time to Live (TTL) or Hop Count field
    values. The path displayed is the list of near-side router interfaces of the routers in the path
    between a source host and a destination. The near-side interface is the interface of the router that
    is closest to the sending host in the path.

    Pathping

    Provides information about network latency and network loss at intermediate hops between a
    source and a destination. Pathping sends multiple ICMP Echo or ICMPv6 Echo Request messages
    to each router between a source and destination over a period of time and then computes results
    based on the packets returned from each router. Because Pathping displays the degree of packet
    loss at any given router or link, you can determine which routers or links might be having network
    problems.

     

    Windows网络诊断工具

    Tool

    Description

    Arp

    Allows viewing and editing of the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) cache.

    Hostname

    Displays the host name of the computer.

    Ipconfig

    Displays the current TCP/IP configuration for both IPv4 and IPv6. Also used to manage Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol(DHCP)-allocated IPv4 address configurations, display or flush the DNS client resolver cache, and register DNS names.

    Nbtstat

    Displays NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT) configuration and allows management of the NetBIOS name cache.

    Netsh

    Configuration tool for many network services. For each network service, there is a context containing commands specific for that service. For the netsh interface ip, netsh interface ipv4, and netsh interface ipv6 contexts, displays and administers TCP/IP protocol settings on either the local computer or a remote computer.

    Netstat

    Displays protocol statistics and information on current TCP connections.

    Nslookup

    Performs DNS queries and displays the results.

    Ping

    Sends Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo or Internet Control Message Protocol for IPv6 (ICMPv6) Echo Request messages to test reachability.

    Route

    Allows viewing of the IPv4 and IPv6 routing tables and editing of the IPv4 routing table.

    Tracert

    Sends ICMP Echo or ICMPv6 Echo Request messages to trace the network route taken by IPv4 or IPv6 packets to a specific destination.

    Pathping

    Sends ICMP Echo or ICMPv6 Echo Request messages to trace the route an IPv4 or IPv6 packet takes to a destination and displays inform ation on packet losses for each router and link in the path.

    SNMP service

    Provides status and statistical information to Simple Network Management System (SNMP) management systems.

    Event Viewer

    Records errors and events.

    Performance Logs and Alerts

    Logs TCP/IP core protocol performance and sends alerts (the SNMP service must be installed).

    Network Monitor

    Captures and displays the contents of TCP/IP packets sent to and from computers.

    Netdiag

    Runs a series of diagnostics test on networking components.Netdiag is installed as part of the Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 Support Tools in the Support\Tools folder of the Windows XP or Windows Server 2003 product CD-ROM.

    Telnet

    Tests TCP connection establishment between two nodes.

    Ttcp

    Listens for and sends TCP segment data or UDP messages between two nodes. Ttcp.exe is provided with Windows Server 2003 in the Valueadd\Msft\Net\Tools folder of the Windows Server 2003 product CD-ROM.

     

    来源:TCP/IP Fundamentals for Microsoft Windows

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